Scuba Diving 101: How To Master Your Buoyancy

Scuba Diving 101: How To Master Your Buoyancy

Here are a few tips to help you master the skill.


Having precise control of buoyancy is a great way to become a better diver. Mastering this skill allows you to navigate and glide over reefs smoothly and ensure you will not destroy or interrupt the beautiful marine life. 

But the question is: How do you master this skill? 

In this article, we’ve gathered the best tips to improve and develop your buoyancy. Thank us later! 

  • Weigh Yourself Properly

  • Ensuring that you have the right weight is the most critical part of achieving the perfect buoyancy but is often underestimated. If you are too light, then you’ll end up floating. If you are too heavy, you’ll have to put large amounts of air in your Buoyancy Control Device (BCD) to compensate for the extra weight. 

    To achieve the ideal weight, remember to ask your instructor or guide to help you do the proper weight check and experiment with the number of weights. Also, consider the type of water you are diving into. You will need more weight in freshwater than in salt water. 

  • Improve Your Body Positioning

  • Having the correct body position while underwater is crucial for good buoyancy control. As the general rule of thumb, your body should be placed perfectly horizontally in the water with slightly bent knees. 

    When your body is uneven, it can pull you to one side or the other, making you stuck in one position. When this happens, you should compensate for a few pounds of lead to the opposite side of your body. You should also consider the weight of your gears, as it can also throw you off balance. 

  • Learn to Control Your Breathing

  • Controlling how you breathe underwater will definitely fine-tune your buoyancy. If you are neutrally buoyant, you can go in the direction you want effortlessly by controlling your breathing properly without inflating or deflating your BCD. 

    If you want to rise away from the bottom, you should take a deeper breath. If you're going to stay at the bottom of the ocean, you should simply exhale to empty your lungs and become negatively buoyant. 

  • Always Stay Calm And Relaxed

  • This one may be a simple rule, but it will affect your diving performance. Most rookie divers are very nervous and tend to breathe rapidly, causing them to consume more air quickly and lose control of their positioning.

    The more you control how you inhale and exhale, the more you can control and navigate your body.
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